The Functions of Human Resources Management Department

The human resources department is the central pillar of the organization. That is why it is essential to discuss the main functions of the human resources management department.

An effectively run Hr department provides structure and ability, enabling a business to meet its needs.

Even though this department is very vital to the success of an organization, it has always been underrated.

The human resources department, therefore, handles various functions within the organization.

Therefore, this department is responsible for:

  • Recruitment and selection
  • Maintaining a good working environment
  • Employee-Employer relationships
  • Labour law compliance
  • Compensation and benefits
  • Training and development

The Main Functions of the human resources management department

Let’s now discuss each of the functions above in detail:

Recruitment and selection function of the human resources management

Hiring and selection is the primary role of the human resources management department.

Recruitment is attracting, screening, and selecting potential employees to fill an open position.

There are various activities that the Hr department has to carry out to fulfill this function.

This function, however, can be outsourced these days.

These activities are:

  1. Human resource planning and forecasting

Here the human resource managers have to develop a detailed plan of the organization’s staffing needs.

Each department has to present a need for the human resource department.

The Hr department will develop a job description, candidate qualifications, and abilities for the best fit.

2. Advertising

After the human resources department has the correct number of people to be hired and the skills needed, it will go ahead and create an advert.

A job advert outlines the duties and responsibilities of the job candidates, qualifications, abilities, and skills.

There are many ways in which the HR department advertises for the company’s open positions.

It might be through:

  • Social Media
  • The company website
  • Recruitment agencies
  • Newspapers e.t.c
  • Referrals

3. Shortlisting

The third step is to create a recruitment database.

Since most human resource functions have been automated, this is quite simple.

With each applicant received through the system, the database updates itself automatically.

Once in the database, a human resource professional will search for a keyword related to the open position.

They will then shortlist the best potential candidates.

4. Interviews

The shortlisted candidates will be invited for an interview by the human resource department.

A panel comprising at least three members will sit during the interviewing day.

The manager from the department in which the position is being filled has to be present during the interviewing process.

The number of interviews that a candidate has to go through is particular to the company itself.

5. Orientation and placing

Once all the interviews are done, the human resource department will ensure that it has selected the right candidate for the right job.

The candidate also must be a culture fit to make this process a success.

The successful candidate then goes through an orientation process conducted by the human resource department to ensure they settle well.

Maintaining excellent working conditions.

The other primary responsibility of human resources management is providing a safe workplace.

Under Kenya’s occupational health and safety Act, employers should provide a safe working environment free from health hazards.

In addition, HR should ensure that the employees are motivated enough to be productive at work.

Human resources managers also ensure they provide essential health and safety training to the employees, such as:

  • First aid training
  • Fire drill

Employee-Employer relationships

The human resource professionals are also tasked with ensuring harmonious relationships.

It is a significant part of the functions of the human resources management department that is aimed at strengthening the relationship between employers and employees.

One or more human resource professionals may handle this function in an unionized organization.

This function includes:

  • Negotiating collective bargaining agreements
  • Developing management response to union organizing campaigns
  • Interpretations of labor union contract issues
Labour law compliance

In Kenya, a company must be per the Employment Act.

Noncompliance may land a company on the wrong side of the law, bringing false publicity to a company.

Some issues that may result in non-compliance include:

  • Unfair employment practices like discrimination
  • Offering pay below minimum wage accepted
  • unsafe working conditions
Compensation and benefits

The other function of human resources management is compensation and benefits management.

This function of the human resources management department should ensure that equal work receives equal pay for both men and women.

Apart from this, human resource professionals have to develop compensation structures and evaluate pay structures.

Under this function, the human resources professional ensures that employees receive their pay on time.

Training and development

Human resource management professionals need to set employees up for success.

To make this possible, the department has to make sure that it has put plans for continuous development.

Apart from giving new employees extensive training to help them settle well in their new jobs.

Most HR departments provide professional and leadership training for their employees.

This human resource management function ensures that the right employees are in place for succession planning and continued success.

This function is, therefore, indispensable.

Conclusion on the main functions of the human resources management department

In the end, the purposes of the human resources management department are indispensable.

No organization can survive the cutthroat competition today without having a good investment in human capital.

Moreover, the human resource management function ensures that the right employees are in place for succession planning and continued success.


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